how to using a sewing machine

How to Use a Sewing Machine

If we haven’t used a sewing machine before, they can seem intimidating. Be brave and creative when working with machines or skill sets that are unfamiliar and learn how to use a sewing machine?

So now you don’t know how does a sewing machine work because you forgot to read the instruction manual! We’re here to support you, and it’s not complicated. You will learn the basics of sewing with your new machine in this easy blog!

To get started making your handmade items, here’s a step-by-step guide to setting up a sewing machine and how to use a sewing machine.

How to Use a Sewing Machine (Step-by-Step-Guide)

sewing machine for beginners guide

Sewing machines can appear overwhelming at first glance. The buttons have what purpose? What is the procedure for turning on the device?

It doesn’t matter what kind of machine you have to learn to sew. Straight stitches, zigzag stitches, and buttonholes are used for most sewing projects. A beginner does not need anything more advanced than that.

Getting to know your sewing machine is the best place to start. The goal of this blog is to teach you how to sew from scratch.

Setting Up a Sewing Machine

Whether you use a conventional or an electronic sewing machine, before you begin sewing, make sure your machine is set up correctly.

It would help if you remembered that there are many different sewing machines on the market. Our focus will be on those features that they all have in common. You can sew with virtually any machine once you master these basics.

Once you have a feel for the process, you should always have your sewing machine nearby. Set your machine up in the corner of your house and sew whenever you want.

Attach The Power Cord

sewing machine power cord attached

The power cord must be connected before you begin. When not in use, the power cord on most sewing machines can easily be removed. In most cases, it is near the turn-on/turn-off switch on the right side.

BEFORE plugging the machine into a wall outlet, attach the power cord to the device.

The Foot Pedal

For the machine to sew, the foot pedal must also be connected to it. There will be a slimmer cable, which may also be a bit longer than the power cable.

An opening at the right side of the machine will allow the foot pedal to be connected. Place the foot pedal in the most comfortable position for you after it has been linked to the computer.

Turn on the Machine

A toggle switch can be found on the machine’s right side. The device is turned on and off with this. A few machines work left to right, while others work up and down.

Some switches will say On/Off; some won’t. An alternative would be to use symbols. OFF is represented by the symbol “O” and ON by the symbol “|.”

You can turn on the machine once it’s been plugged in and connected to an outlet.

Sewing Machine Features

The features of every machine will be slightly different, but the majority of them will be the same. While many sewing machines have electronic or dialed parts, their functions still are the same.

Identify the following features of your sewing machine:

The Hand Wheel

It has a handle that allows you to turn the needle up and down. The needle might break, or thread may get caught during sewing. To release the fabric from the jam, you will need to turn the handwheel.

The Reverse Button

Immediately reverses the needle direction and sews backward as soon as it is toggled. The starting and ending of seams are best reverse stitched. A seam will remain intact in this manner.

In addition, reverse stitching works well when fixing something that requires a tight fit.

Stitch Length Dial

The stitch length is determined by this dial. Electronic machines usually default to 2.5mm stitch length.

For sewing gathers, stitch lengths of 5mm are used.

When your stitch length is set at 0mm, you will stitch the stitch in place. Although stitch locks are rarely used, they can be beneficial when starting and ending a seam.

When making buttonholes, stitch lengths between 0 and 1 are usually selected as the default.

Stitch Selector

Stitches are available on most machines. Straight stitches and zigzag stitches are the two primary stitches you must understand.

Most types of sewing can be done with these two stitches. To find out what stitch settings your machine has, refer to the manual.

The needle can also be positioned right, left, or in the center of some machines. A stitch selector dial is typically used for this purpose.

Tension Dial

It controls the distribution of thread on the bobbin. Check your machine’s manual to find out which tension setting is the factory default. You should not adjust tension when stitching for the first time.

The bobbin thread of a machine that has loose threads should be re-threaded along with the top thread.

When heavy threads are on top or bobbin threads are all-purpose, the tension needs to be adjusted. There are different weights between these two threads, so you would have to change the tension dial accordingly.

In all other cases, keep it set to the default settings.

Threading the Machine

sewing machine needle sizes

It is time to replace your needle. Using a needle size 12/80 is recommended for beginners. In general, I only recommend Schmetz needles since they are the most common. Additionally, they are highly durable.

There are similarities (but not equalities) in the design of all sewing machine needles. Their front is rounded, while their back is flat.

As high as the needle will fit into the machine, loosen the Needle Clamp and insert a fresh needle. Make sure the needle clamp is tight.

Toward the back of the opening, the flat side of the needle will fit into the slot.

Thread the machine

  • There is generally a similar threading pattern on most machines. Your machine’s manual will tell you how to thread it correctly.
  • The threading track is the same for sewing machines. Whenever you remove a thread from the spool, it first passes through a Thread Guide, another Tension Disk, and another Thread Take-up Guide. Tension Guides are not always visible on every machine. The thread take-up guide will come before this. See your user manual if you need more information.
  • In the eye of the needle, it goes through a Needle Guide. The thread should be snipped off before you thread the needle.
  • Pull the thread towards the back of the machine by placing it under the presser foot. Take your first few stitches this way to prevent the threads from getting tangled.

The Bobbin

how to insert bobbin


A bobbin needs to be wound before it can be inserted into your machine. It will be located at the top of your device. As some machines wind bobbins differently, refer to your user manual to learn how to wind one.

There is also a specific type of bobbin that will fit your machine. It could be made of metal or plastic.

If your bobbins are too overfilled, they will not wind evenly.

Top or Front Loading Bobbins

Inserting a bobbin depends on the model and brand of your machine. The manufacturer’s instructions should be followed when loading your bobbin.

It would be best if you always brushed off any buildup of lint when you change your bobbin. When you practice this habit, you will ensure that your machine runs smoothly.

Feed Dogs and Pressure FeetĀ 

Sometimes, you will be instructed to lower the feed dogs before proceeding with a step.

Those metal teeth are the feed dogs. To pass the fabric through the machine, they move when you sew.

Unless you are free motion quilting, feed dogs will typically be raised the majority of the time. However, lowering them can be helpful for sewing.

You can lower the feed dogs on your machine by pressing a button or turning a dial on its right-hand side. Check the user guide if it isn’t clearly marked.

There are various feet included with a sewing machine, each of which is used for a different task. There are two main types of the foot: Universal and ZigZag. Feeding the fabric through the machine is accomplished by pressing the fabric against the feed dogs and throat plate.

Most beginner projects can be completed with this foot.

Throat Plate and Seam Allowance Markings

A throat plate sits below your presser foot and is typically marked with a seam allowance.

The needle will pass through an opening in the throat plate. Your machine may accommodate different needle positions, but it varies depending on your device. To remove lint, you may have to remove your lint filter occasionally.

Sewing seams with varying widths is guided by the seam allowance markings.


You will find information about sewing machines in this article, and we hope it is helpful to you. Our goal is to provide you with basic knowledge of sewing machines so you can start using one right away. An extensive selection of guides is available online for using a sewing machine.

You will have so much fun learning machine sewing. Learn how to use the sewing machine if you’d like to start sewing as a creative and practical hobby. Despite not being prepared to drive a Formula One racing car, you can learn practical and creative sewing skills on your sewing machine and enjoy every minute of it!

Keep visiting sewingmachinesguru for more information about using a needle threader and other sewing machine accessories. You can ask us any questions you have about sewing machines through the comments section if you have any issues using any sewing machines.

Leave a Reply